Protesters are calling for a return to civilian rule and justice for those killed in a violent crackdown in 2019.
Four people were reported killed as huge crowds took to the streets of Sudan amid a communications blackout and tight security to rally against the country’s military leadership that seized power eight months ago.
The Central Committee of Sudan Doctors said in a tweet on Thursday that the four were fatally shot when police fired live ammunition at protesters in Omdurman. The committee, which tracks casualties during protests, said the identity of those killed was not immediately known.
Crowds in the tens of thousands were estimated to be protesting in Khartoum and its twin cities of Omdurman – where the four were reported killed – and in Bahri.
Security forces fired tear gas and water cannon to block the protesters from marching towards the presidential palace in central Khartoum.
The protesters barricaded some of the capital’s main thoroughfares with stones and burning tyres. Extended internet blackouts were reported in an apparent effort to hamper the protest movement.
Staff at Sudan’s two private sector telecoms companies, speaking on condition of anonymity to Reuters, said authorities had ordered them to shut down the internet on Thursday.
Advocacy group Netblocks.org said in a statement that the disruption was recorded across many mobile and fixed-line internet providers, including state operator Sudantel, leaving national connectivity at only 17 percent of its ordinary levels.
“The restrictions impact many internet users in Sudan and are likely to significantly limit coverage of events on the ground,” the statement read.
Al Jazeera’s Hiba Morgan, reporting from Khartoum, said civilians had been mobilising for weeks.
“They want to make sure that the message is [clear]: they want a civilian government and not a military leadership,” she said.
Morgan said that military leaders are in favour of negotiations with political parties to reach a political consensus.
The Forces of Freedom and Change – a pro-democracy coalition that was sidelined following the military takeover – has refused to hold talks with the military despite mediation efforts by the United States and the United Nations.
Protesters also carried banners calling for justice for those killed in a violent crackdown during an uprising in 2019 that overthrew longtime ruler Omar al-Bashir and led to a power-sharing arrangement between civilian groups and the military.
Others chanted “Burhan, Burhan, back to the barracks and hand over your companies,” a reference to the economic holdings of General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, who toppled the transitional government and brought back military rule in October 2021.
Sudan’s current military leaders said they dissolved the government in October because of political paralysis. As a result, international financial support agreed with the transitional government was frozen and an economic crisis has deepened since.
Mediation efforts led by the United Nations and the African Union have so far yielded little progress.
General Burhan said on Wednesday that the armed forces were looking forward to the day when an elected government could take over, but this could only be done through consensus or elections, not protests.
Several neighbourhood protests had been held daily in preparation for Thursday’s rallies. Medics aligned with the protest movement on Wednesday said security forces shot dead a child in Bahri, bringing the number of protesters killed since the coup to 103.